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Abstract:Based on the citation frequency, the impact of retracted publications on academia is quantitatively measured at the macro level from the two aspects of publications and retracting behaviors. In terms of the absolute citation frequency, although many retracted papers were cited with zero citation or low citations, nearly half of the papers were cited with no less than 10 times. There are obvious differences in the impact of papers with different retracted reasons. The citation frequency of scientific distortion papers related to the research content was significantly higher than that of papers in publication misconduct. Among them, fraud papers were cited the most frequently. The lowest citation frequency was found for papers with fake peer review. By choosing the retracted papers that are cited for no less than 10 times and comparing them with the matched control papers, the impact of retracted papers before retraction is higher than that of the unretracted papers, but the degree is different. After the correction with significant but varying degrees, only the papers that with fake review or partially copying had yet a higher overall impact than the papers that were not retracted. This shows that the retraction mechanism has played a good purifying role in general.
keywords: Retracted publications Academic impact Citation frequency Scientometrics Self-correction in science
文章编号：20200216001 中图分类号：G301 文献标志码：