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宏观层面下撤销论文对学术界的影响测度:基于被引频次的视角
张春博1, 刘则渊1, 丁堃1, 刘萱2
(1.大连理工大学科学学与科学技术管理研究所;2.中国科协创新战略研究院)
Research on the Impact of Retracted publications to the Academia from the Macro-level Views Based on the Citation Frequency
Zhang Chunbo1, Liu Zeyuan1, Ding Kun1, Liu Xuan2
(1.Science of Science and Management of Science and Technology Research Institute, Dalian University of Technology;2.National Academy of Innovation Strategy of China Assoiation for Science and Technology)
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投稿时间:2020-02-16    修订日期:2020-02-25
中文摘要: 基于论文的被引频次,从撤销论文本身和论文撤销行为两个方面,在宏观层面定量测度撤销论文对学术界的影响。从论文的绝对被引频次方面,尽管不少撤销论文为零被引和低被引,但也有近一半的论文被引频次不少于10次。不同撤销原因的论文对学术界的影响存在较为明显的差异。与研究内容相关的科学失真类论文的被引频次明显高于发表不端类论文。其中,造假类论文的被引频次最高。评审不端类论文的被引频次最低。选择被引不少于10次的撤销论文,通过与匹配的对照组论文的比较,撤销论文在撤销前的影响力多是高于未撤销论文的,只不过程度有所差异。经过同样是显著但程度不同的净化作用后,只有评审不端类和部分复制类论文的整体影响力还高于未撤销论文。这说明,论文撤销机制总体上发挥了较好的净化作用。
Abstract:Based on the citation frequency, the impact of retracted publications on academia is quantitatively measured at the macro level from the two aspects of publications and retracting behaviors. In terms of the absolute citation frequency, although many retracted papers were cited with zero citation or low citations, nearly half of the papers were cited with no less than 10 times. There are obvious differences in the impact of papers with different retracted reasons. The citation frequency of scientific distortion papers related to the research content was significantly higher than that of papers in publication misconduct. Among them, fraud papers were cited the most frequently. The lowest citation frequency was found for papers with fake peer review. By choosing the retracted papers that are cited for no less than 10 times and comparing them with the matched control papers, the impact of retracted papers before retraction is higher than that of the unretracted papers, but the degree is different. After the correction with significant but varying degrees, only the papers that with fake review or partially copying had yet a higher overall impact than the papers that were not retracted. This shows that the retraction mechanism has played a good purifying role in general.
文章编号:20200216001     中图分类号:G301    文献标志码:
基金项目:中国科协“高端科技创新智库青年项目”——博士生项目(项目编号:CXY-ZKQN-2019-031)
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