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Abstract:With continuous development of science and technology, the factor of science has played an increasingly important role in the decision-making process, which has not only affected the current policy-making, but also shaped the future policy direction. In order to better cope with the challenges in the future, many countries have implemented technology foresight programs. In the 1970s, Japan became the first country to carry out technology foresight, and led to a heat wave of technology foresight in Europe in the 1990s. In the countries that has carried out technology foresight, the United Kingdom is one of the representative countries that has implemented technology foresight comprehensively. The rise of innovation research, the promotion of science for economic development, and the emergence of methodology for identifying new general technology are the main reasons for UK to carry out technology foresight. From 1994, UK has carried out three cycles of technology foresight. The experience of UK technology foresight can provide reference for China in the aspects of high-level management, diversified methods, process openness and result promotion.
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