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DOI:
:2020,(11):60-68
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欧洲议会STOA开展技术预见研究分析及启示
Analysis and enlightenment of technology foresight by STOA of European Parliament
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中文摘要: 欧洲议会科学技术选择和评估委员会(Scientific and Technological Options Assessment,STOA)自2014年开展科学和技术预见工作,服务于欧洲议会,以帮助提高MEPs的决策能力和增强公众意识为目标,形成了一套系统的技术预见方法,其主要按照“选择主题—地平线扫描—社会影响的全景展示—探索性场景构建—立法回溯和推衍可能的技术路线—预见结果输出”的流程,已开展多项具有多学科特性的社会前言热点问题的预见研究。本文就STOA开展技术预见的目的意义、具体流程、研究特点进行全面解析,以期为我国的技术预见活动提供参考。
Abstract:The Scientific and Technological Options Assessment (STOA) of the European Parliament started the science and technology foresight science 2014, mainly serves for the European Parliament, and aims to help policy-makers and the society to better understanding the implications of their actions through the use of innovative forms of communication. STOA's foresight study has developed a set of systematic approach, which mainly constructs the process of “choosing the theme-horizontal scanning-panorama of social influence-exploratory scene construction-legislation backtracking and deducing of possible technology process, and has launched some foresight research of social heated issues with multi-disciplinary characteristics. This article makes a comprehensive analysis of the purpose, approach, research focus of STOA's technology foresight, in order to provide a theoretical basis for national technology foresight activities.
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曹学伟  
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Cao Xue-wei  
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